Not absolutely all product which was taped was coded. As our focus was on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, along with all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique faculties and are also perhaps not reported here. The analyses delivered in this paper, nevertheless, do through the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, suggests that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. weren’t coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique program episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique program episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis ended up being notably bigger than the initial 12 months’s test even as we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to ensure we had three episodes of every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, additional taping had been needed whenever, as an example, brand brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the beginning of the year to replace for cancelled programs or if the time and time slot for a string ended up being changed.
The codebook for the larger research ended up being based considerably in the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) inside their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals. As opposed to Kunkel and peers, whom used the scene due to the fact main product of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 minute intervals of system time. Because scenes differ quite a bit in total and, therefore, try not to offer a consistent device of measure in making evaluations across programs, we utilized a regular coding device considering time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse ended up being thought as any depiction of sex, intimately suggestive behavior, or any explore sex or activity that is sexual sexy redhead fuck. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications pertaining to relationship and relationships, that have been perhaps maybe maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњEveryone loves my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ will be coded.
Every 2 minute period that were coded as containing a minumum of one sort of sexual intercourse tracked in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 ended up being additionally evaluated when it comes to presence of exact exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior. With this product, coders utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period took place between a couple associated with sex that is same.
Each 2 interval that is minute have been coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about intercourse which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Because of this product, programmers once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the sexual passions or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Most frequently, such feedback linked to gays and lesbians, although sporadically these people were related to bisexuals.